The Town of Falmouth
Falmouth is capital of the parish of Trelawny,
in the northwest of Jamaica.
It is situated on Jamaica's north coast about
29 km of Montego Bay.
Founded by Thomas Reid in 1769, Falmouth flourished as a market centre and port for forty years at a time when Jamaica was the world's leading sugar producer.
The town takes its name from a town called Falmouth in Cornwall, England, which was the birthplace of Sir William Trelawny, the Governor of Jamaica at the time. The main roads (King Street, Queen Street, St. Victoria Street, St. Rodney Street, St. George Street, Albert Street and Stanley Street) are named after English heroes of the era.
The town was planned from the start, with wide streets, adequate water supply, and public buildings. It even had piped water before New York City. Falmouth has a number of interesting historic buildings in the Jamaican Georgian architectural style. One organization that has taken an interest in this work is Falmouth Heritage Renewal, a
Although the best way to capture the essence of Falmouth is to do a complete walking tour, there are some buildings that stand out, even more so after restoration. One such building is the Baptist Manse on Market Street near the waterfront, an imposing stone structure with a stately wooden staircase. Reputed to have housed the first Masonic Temple in Jamaica, this building has changed hands many times. Perhaps its most notable owner was Rev. William Knibb, famous Baptist preacher and abolitionist. Today it is a flagship structure in the town’s restoration.
The completed project will not only contribute to the physical renewal of the town, but also to the cultural revival of the community. The lower level of the building will house a community-based initiative, while the upper level will be an art gallery displaying the work of local artists. The town also has served as a backdrop location for several movies and TV series, among them Passion and Paradise and Return to Treasure Island, to name a few.